Key Stage 1
During Key Stage 1, art and design is about developing children’s creativity and imagination through providing art, craft and design activities that relate to children’s own identity and experiences, the natural and made objects and materials with which they are familiar and the locality in which they live.
Art offers opportunity to:
- stimulate children’s creativity and imagination by providing visual, tactile and sensory experiences and a unique way of understanding and responding to the world;
- develop children’s understanding of colour, form, texture, pattern and their ability to use materials and processes to communicate ideas, feelings and meanings;
- explore with children ideas and meanings in the work of artists, craftspeople and designers, and help them learn about their different roles and about the functions of art, craft and design in their own lives and in different times and cultures;
- help children to learn how to make thoughtful judgements and aesthetic and practical decisions and become actively involved in shaping environments.
During the key stage, pupils will be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through:
- Exploring and developing ideas.
a. record from first-hand observation, experience and imagination, and explore ideas
b. ask and answer questions about the starting points for their work, and develop their ideas
- Investigating and making art, craft and design.
a. investigate the possibilities of a range of materials and processes
b. try out tools and techniques and apply these to materials and processes, including drawing
c. represent observations, ideas and feelings, and design and make images and artefacts.
- Evaluating and developing work.
a. review what they and others have done and say what they think and feel about it
b. identify what they might change in their current work or develop in their future work.
- Knowledge and understanding.
a. visual and tactile elements, including colour, pattern and texture, line and tone, shape, form and space
b. materials and processes used in making art, craft and design
c. differences and similarities in the work of artists, craftspeople and designers in different times and cultures [for example, sculptors, photographers, architects, textile designers].
Key Stage 2
During Key Stage 2, Art and Design is about developing children’s creativity and imagination by building on their knowledge, skills and understanding of materials and processes through providing more complex activities. Children’s experiences help to develop their understanding of the diverse roles and functions of art and design in the locality and in the wider world.
During the Key Stage, pupils will be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through:
- Exploring and developing ideas
- record from experience and imagination, to select and record from first-hand observation and to explore ideas for different purposes
- question and make thoughtful observations about starting points and select ideas to use in their work
- collect visual and other information [for example, images, materials]to help them develop their ideas, including using a sketchbook.
- Investigating and making art, craft and design
- investigate and combine visual and tactile qualities of materials and processes and to match these qualities to the purpose of the work
- apply their experience of materials and processes, including drawing, developing their control of tools and techniques
- use a variety of methods and approaches to communicate observations, ideas and feelings, and to design and make images and artefacts.
- Evaluating and developing work
- compare ideas, methods and approaches in their own and others’ work and say what they think and feel about them
- adapt their work according to their views and describe how they might develop it further.
- Knowledge and understanding
Pupils will be taught about:
- visual and tactile elements, including colour, pattern and texture, line and tone, shape, form and space, and how these elements can be combined and organised for different purposes
- materials and processes used in art, craft and design and how these can be matched to ideas and intentions
- the roles and purposes of artists, craftspeople and designers working in different times and cultures [for example, Western Europe and the wider world].